How to Calculate Ovulation
Knowing the timing of ovulation is incredibly important when trying to conceive a baby. After all, a woman is fertile only about 5 to 6 days during the whole menstrual cycle. This is the time span when an egg can be fertilized, during when the sperm can survive and fertilize the egg. Ovulation is the occurrence of the egg being dropped into the fallopian tubes for fertilization. The egg only has a life of 48 hours but sperm can live in the uterus for up to 6 days meaning that conception for a week before ovulation can result in fertlilization.
When does ovulation happen?
Contrary to the widespread belief that ovulation is on the 14th day of every woman’s cycle, ovulation can actually occur on different days of each cycle. Most of the time, ovulation occurs around the middle of a menstrual cycle, specifically, about 12-14 days before the next period. Some women experience ovulation earlier or later than others. When or if ovulation takes place depends on many factors. Stress, hormonal balance, nutrition and general health can all play a part in the ovulation cycle.
Determining the ovulation during every cycle is the most important element towards becoming pregnant. So, how can someone accurately track ovulation?
You have a few options to track ovulation accurately:
Tracking ovulation has gotten a lot easier these days. Trackers are available in the form of apps or as tools on the Internet, for example Clue. These trackers only calculate calendar days and always assume that ovulation occurs exactly in the middle of a cycle. This is usually enough to enter the last period. Therefore, this form of calculation is usually not individual enough.
Like ovulation calculators, ovulation calendars or menstrual calendars work as well. This variant also calculates ovulation by taking into account the last menstruation and cycle length. Using the past documented information, the calendar then predicts the next menstruation and ovulation day. This isn’t super accurate, but it gives a better idea of when to expect these cycles.
An ovulation test measures certain hormones in the urine that are elevated by the time of ovulation. These hormonal changes are used to predict when the fertile phase begins. Estradiol (E3) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH) are the two hormones that are used to determine your ovulation. These two hormones continue to increase slightly at the beginning of your cycle and reach their peak during ovulation. Then they drop rapidly after ovulation is complete. To detect these changes, one must have a urine sample tested.
Cycle Computer / Temperature
Ovulation can easily be determined by temperature. The basal body temperature is measured every morning and determines the daily nature of the cervical mucus and the cervix. In fact, these tests can help you to determine exactly when ovulation will occur. There are several ways to document and evaluate this data like apps. Though, you could use the good old fashioned way by tracking your temperature on sheet of paper.
You can also recognize ovulation based on the excessiveness and change in vaginal mucus. Once a month, for 3-5 days the mucus is heavy and quite noticeable. The consistency will range from clear and sticky to an egg white texture. This is the cervical mucus being expelled which indicates fertility. Its purpose is to make it as easy as possible for sperm to be directed towards the waiting egg. It’s like a hybrid between the red carpet and a water slide. These are the days of your ovulation cycle. The actual day of ovulation can be recognized by the strongest egg white consistency. This method can be very reliable, though, must be watched very carefully. Sometimes is can even be difficult to determine which day is the actualy ovulation day if the mucus has only a slight change from day to day.
If the cycle is very erratic, there are natural ways to restore balance.
Our cycle teas harmonize the hormones needed to provide balance.